Over the past decade over the past decade, millions of businesses and organizations have accepted the Web as a cost-effective way to communicate with customers and conduct business. This includes web applications that collect and store information. This includes customer information that is submitted via content management systems such as online shopping carts, inquiry forms, or login fields.
Because these applications are internet-connected and are often accessible from any location in the world They are vulnerable to attacks on security that exploit weaknesses in the application or its supporting infrastructure. For instance, SQL injection attacks (which exploit weaknesses in the database) can lead to compromised databases that contain sensitive data. Attackers can use the foothold they gain by breaching your Web application to identify other, more vulnerable systems in your network.
Cross Site Scripting (XSS) is a different Web attack type. It exploits weaknesses in web servers to inject malicious code in web pages. The script executes in the victim’s web browser. This allows attackers to gain access to sensitive information or send users to phishing sites. Web forums, message boards, and blogs are particularly vulnerable to XSS attacks.
Hackers collaborate to overwhelm websites by sending more requests than the website can handle. This can cause a website’s performance to drop or even stop functioning completely. This affects the ability to process requests, making it inaccessible to everyone. This is the reason DDoS attacks can be especially damaging for small businesses that rely on their websites to operate in local establishments, like restaurants or bakeries.